Tuesday, May 1, 2007

Blood Donation

Safety Risks of Paid Blood Donation

  • It increases the risk of disease transmission through blood transfusion by as much as three times than the voluntary blood donation system
  • Five blood transmissible diseases:
    • HIV
    • Hepa B
    • Hepa C
    • Malaria (sign: fever)
    • Syphilis otherwise known as “bad blood” (sign: chancre)

Who Can Donate?

You can donate if you meet the following criteria:

  • 16-65 years old
  • At least 50 kg for 450 mL donations
  • At least 40 kg for 250 mL donations
  • Pulse rate of regular rhythm at 50-100 bpm
  • Systolic pressure of 90-160 mmHg
  • Diastolic pressure of 60-100 mmHg
  • Hgb: 0.125 g/L (12.5 g/dL)

Temporary Deferrment of Donation


::Pregnant women
(Nine months after birth or 3 months after weaning)

::Those with acute febrile illness
(2-3 weeks when fully recovered)

::Previously donated
(6 months after)

::Those who will undergo a major operation
(1 year after)

::Those with skin lesion venipuncture
(after completely healed)

::Tattoos, skin pierce, earhole, needle puncture
(after 1 year)

::Exposed to HIV or Hepa B
(after 1 year)

::Those with malaria
(3 years after cessation of symptoms)

::Those who took alcohol
(after 12 hours)

Persons who cannot donate:

Persons with the following characteristics or diseases:

  • cancer
  • cardiac diseases
  • severe lung diseases
  • jaundice of unknown origin
  • use of prohibited drugs
  • high risk sexual behavior
  • inmates of mental institutions and prisons
  • high risk occupation
  • STIs
  • Prolonged bleeding
  • Unexplained weight loss of more than 5 kilograms in 6 months
  • Chronic alcoholic


Lecture Notes from Mrs. Dulce Ma. Tilos, RN, MSN. May 2007. Lecture on Blood Donation. St. Paul University Iloilo - College of Nursing. Philippines

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